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Fig. 4 | Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Fig. 4

From: Evolution of strategic interactions from the triple to quad helix innovation models for sustainable development in the era of globalization

Fig. 4

The advancement of the triple helix to include the civil society as the fourth component makes a quad helix. This inclusion aids in raising the voice of the user of the innovations so as to cater for mainly the social and environmental needs on a global scale. This is because, although for the sake of the global market and product competitions, we are bound to think globally but should always act locally

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