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Table 8 Descriptive statistics of motivational variables by spin-off creation intention

From: Examining the differences between the motivations of traditional and entrepreneurial scientists

  Levene’s test for equality of variances t test for equality of means
F Sig. t df Sig. (2-tailed) Mean difference Std. error difference 95 % confidence interval of the difference
Lower Upper
The commercialization of scientific results through spin-off company plays important role in my scientific field. Equal variances assumed 16.901 .000 −5.747 285 .000 −1.42903 .24864 −1.91844 −.93962
Equal variances not assumed    −8.297 46.085 .000 −1.42903 .17223 −1.77569 −1.08237
It is important for me to commercialize my scientific results through spin-off company Equal variances assumed 19.550 .000 −6.208 300 .000 −1.50956 .24318 −1.98811 −1.03101
Equal variances not assumed    −10.550 59.539 .000 −1.50956 .14309 −1.79582 −1.22329
If I had commercializable research result, I would commercialize it through spin-off company. Equal variances assumed 12.678 .000 −3.302 294 .001 −.82423 .24962 −1.31549 −.33297
Equal variances not assumed    −5.270 51.453 .000 −.82423 .15641 −1.13816 −.51030
  1. Source: authors’ compilation