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Table 1 Comparison of measurement models

From: Ambidextrous leadership, ambidextrous employee, and the interaction between ambidextrous leadership and employee innovative performance

Model Factor χ2 ɖƑ CFI RMSEA P
1. 5-factor: LOB, LCB, ERB, EIB, EIP
All items loaded on their designated factors.
570.59 340 .89 .07 .000
2. 3-factor: LOB and LCB items loaded on the same factor, ERB and FIB items loaded on the same factor, and EIP loaded on third factor. 648.22 349 .85 .07 .000
3. 2-factor: LOB and LCB items loaded on the same factor and ERB, FIB, and EIP items loaded on the same factor. 742.32 352 .81 .09 .000
4. 1-factor: LOB, LCB, ERB, EIB, EIP items loaded on a single factor. 1144.2 350 .62 .13 000
  1. LOB leader opening behavior, LCB leader closing behavior, ERB employee exploration behavior, EIB employee exploitation behavior, EIP employee innovative performance