Skip to main content

Table 7 Measurement items, confirmatory factor analyses, and reliability analysis

From: Response to the global financial crisis: a follow-up study

  Corrected item-total correlation
Pre-GFC 2012 2015
Product innovativeness (CA 2008 = .83, CA 2012 = .80, CA 2015 = .81, AVE* = 0.43)
 Our company actively develops new products in-house .648 .592 .661
 Our company actively seeks new products from outside this organization .554 .546 .412
 Our company sees creating new products as critical to our success .789 .742 .790
 When it comes to creating new products, our company is far better than the competition .674 .602 .697
Process and business systems innovativeness (CA 2008 = .90, CA 2012 = .91, CA 2015 = .88, AVE* = 0.46)
 Our company tends to be an early adopter of new manufacturing processes .726 .726 .731
 Our company sees creating new manufacturing processes as critical to our success .768 .768 .578
 Our company actively seeks new manufacturing processes from outside this organization .670 .670 .550
 When it comes to creating new processes, our company is far better than the competition .665 .665 .682
 Our company tends to be an early adopter of new business systems .746 .746 .739
 Our company actively develops in-house business systems solutions .597 .597 .582
 Our company sees creating new business systems as critical to our success .708 .708 .627
 When it comes to creating new business systems, our company is far better than the competition .744 .744 .705
Change in performance 2012–2015 (CA = .91, AVE* = 0.65)
 Improving yield or reduced material consumption    .880
 Reduce production costs    .573
 Improving production flexibility    .897
 Improving existing product quality    .876
Fit values**
 Comparative fit index (CFI) = 0.903
 Incremental fit index (IFI) = 0.905
 Comparative fit index (CFI) = 0.092
  1. CA Cronbach’s alpha, AVE average variance extracted
  2. *AVE based on the original 2013 study measuring innovativeness and performance between 2008 and 2012 (n = 141)
  3. **Fit values are based on the original 2013 study measuring innovativeness and performance between 2008 and 2012 (n = 141)