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Table 1 Comparison of existing empirical studies on IoT development and deployment, IoT in general, digitalisation and fourth industrial revolution

From: Empirical study on innovation motivators and inhibitors of Internet of Things applications for industrial manufacturing enterprises

Publication Main focus Covers interest and engagement Covers motivators Covers inhibitors and challenges Participant’s role Enterprise type Industry Location (2 digit ISO) textitN (approx.) Type of research
(Dijkman et al. 2015) IoT business models, building block identification No No No IoT professionals n/a n/a Global (mainly NL, US) 103 Academic
(Geissbauer et al. 2016) 4th industrial revolution, expectations in 5 years No (Yes) Yes Chief digital officers, senior executives LE Industrial product suppliers Global 2000 Industrial
(Gepp et al. 2015) Engineering trends, 4th industrial revolution (Yes) No No Engineering professionals LE Engineering-to-order (ETO) DE 30 Academic
(Greif et al. 2016) Digitalisation, degree of digitalisation No No (Yes) Industry professionals SME All CH 300 Industrial
(Hsu and Lin 2016) IoT services, usage intentions of consumers No No No Consumers n/a n/a TW 508 Academic
(Kinkel et al. 2016) Digitalisation, competencies for digitalisation (Yes) No No Industry professionals LE and SME MEM DE 150 Industrial
(SAS Institute Inc 2016) IoT deployment process No Yes Yes IoT professionals LE All Global 75 Industrial
(Skinner 2016) IoT as service, service provider perspective No No No Industry professionals LE and SME ICT and IoT service providers Global 900 Industrial
(Twentyman and Swabey 2015) IoT products, smart product development Yes Yes Yes R&D, innovation, product development executives n/a Retail, healthcare, manufacturing Global (mainly US, GB) 200 Industrial
(Weiss et al. 2016) Digitalisation, degree of digitalisation No (Yes) (Yes) Senior executives SME All IT 53 Academic