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Table 5 Bivariate Granger causality test results

From: Agricultural sector foreign direct investment and economic growth in Ghana

Null hypothesis F statistics P value
lnGDP does not Granger cause FDIA 3.747 0.061
FDIA does not Granger cause lnGDP 0.090 0.766
lnGE does not Granger cause FDIA 0.170 0.683
FDIA does not Granger cause lnGE 0.545 0.465
lnK does not Granger cause FDIA 0.657 0.423
FDIAdoes not Granger cause lnK 0.090 0.767
lnTOP does not Granger cause FDIA 0.369 0.547
FDIA does not Granger cause lnTOP 0.151 0.700
lnGDP does not Granger cause FDIG 5.185 0.029
FDIG does not Granger cause lnGDP 0.019 0.890
lnGE does not Granger cause FDIG 0.170 0.683
FDIG does not Granger cause lnGE 0.976 0.330
lnK does not Granger cause FDIG 0.746 0.394
FDIG does not Granger cause lnK 0.262 0.612
lnTOP does not Granger cause FDIG 0.424 0.519
FDIG does not Granger cause lnTOP 0.262 0.612