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Table 25 VIF tests before and after resolving multicollinearity

From: Exploring science-and-technology-led innovation: a cross-country study

Before multicollinearity analysis After multicollinearity analysis
Variables VIF Variables VIF
COOP_OWN% 2.342497 COOP_OWN% 2.338598
GERD% 2610.814611 GOVERD% 2.388626
GOVERD% 39.041936 HERD% 3.02646
HERD% 124.939324 BERD% 4.469952
BERD% 1860.667698 GERD_GOV_PERFORM 4.156039
GERD_BUS_PERFORM 56.633482 GERD_OTHER_FINANCE 1.183356
GERD_GOV_PERFORM 22.763118 GERD_GOV_FINANCE 2.755481
GERD_OTHER_FINANCE 1102.518588 GERD_ABROAD_FINANCE 1.420166
GERD_GOV_FINANCE 6401.936929 GERD_HIGH_PERFORM 3.677083
GERD_IND_FINANCE 7809.030778   
GERD_ABROAD_FINANCE 2758.600606   
GERD_HIGH_PERFORM 36.270409