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Table 1 Description of the dependent and independent variables

From: Determinants that influence the performance of women entrepreneurs in micro and small enterprises in Ethiopia

Variable in the model Definition of variables Expected sign
WEP (women entrepreneurs’ performance: profit) WEP (profit) was assigned a value of “1” if women-owned business is profitable and “0” if not  
AGE (age of respondents) AGE was given in years. Age is considered to be important since a woman may increase her performance (e.g., knowledge of business) as she gets older. A value of “1” was given if the age of the respondent was > 30 years and a value of “0” was given if the age of the respondent was 18+ and ≤ 30 years. (< 18 years is underage and 30 years old is a cutoff point for young and adult groups in the Ethiopian context) +
EDUL (educational level of a respondent) EDUL was measured using the attainment of grade levels by the respondent. Education helps to raise performance level about businesses. A value of “1” was given if the educational status of the respondent was completed 10 + 1 and 10 + 2 and “0” otherwise. +
MARS (marital status of a respondent) MARS was the marital status of the respondent. A value of “1” was given if a respondent was legally married and “0” otherwise.
PREEXP (previous entrepreneurial experience of a respondent) PREEXP was measured using previous entrepreneurial experience years in business sector. Previous entrepreneurial experience helps to raise performance level about entrepreneurial businesses. A value of “1” was given if their previous experience was > 10 years, and a value of “0” was given if their previous experience was 1+ and < 10 years. +
ACCF (access to finance) ACCF was the accessibility of finance from financial institutions for the women. A value of “1” was assigned if the women have access to finance and “0” if not +
ACCMR (access to market) ACCMR was the accessibility of market for their product within the competition. A value of “1” was given if the women have access to market and “0” if not +
ACCBINF (access to business information) ACCBINF was the accessibility of business information to exploit business opportunities. A value of “1” was given if the women have access to business information and “0” if not +
ACCBUTR (access to business training) BUTR was the accessibility of better business trainings. Business training helps to raise performance level about different businesses. A value of “1” was given if the women have access to business training and “0” if not +
LANOWN (land ownership) LANOWN was the lot used to run the business. A value of “1” was given if the women owned a land and “0” if not +
ACCPHINFRA (access to physical infrastructure) ACCPHINFRA was the availability of infrastructure. +
GOVTSUP (government support) GOVTSUP was the business assistance and support from the government. A value of “1” was given if the women received support from the government and “0” if not +
LEVTAX (levied tax) LEVTAX was the reasonable tax levied on the business. A value of “1” was given if the women believed the tax is reasonable and “0” if not