Skip to main content

Table 3 Correlations reported in the literature between gender and the TPB constructs

From: Attitude toward entrepreneurship, perceived behavioral control, and entrepreneurial intention: dimensionality, structural relationships, and gender differences

StudyNGenderAPBCIAAPSENE
Kolvereid (1996b)143Male = 1, female = 00.130.130.37   
Zhao et al. (2005)265Male = 1, female = 2  − 0.20   
Schlaegel and Koenig (2014)114,007Male = 0, female = 1− 0.04− 0.04− 0.06− 0.11− 0.13 
Shirokova et al. (2016)70,164Male = 0, female = 1 − 0.09− 0.14  − 0.10
Zampetakis et al. (2017)1800Male = 1, female = 2− 0.13− 0.17− 0.18   
  1. N sample size, A attitude, PBC perceived behavioral control, I intention, AA affective attitude, PSE perceived self-efficacy, NE nascent entrepreneurship