Skip to main content

Table 4 Standardized β coefficients reported in the literature from gender to the TPB constructs

From: Attitude toward entrepreneurship, perceived behavioral control, and entrepreneurial intention: dimensionality, structural relationships, and gender differences

StudyNGenderG → AG → PBCG → AAG → I
Zhao et al. (2005)265Male = 1, female = 2   − 0.17
Shinnar et al. (2012)761Male = 1, female = 0   0.063 to 0.167
Schlaegel and Koenig (2014)114,007Male = 0, female = 1− 0.04− 0.04− 0.10− 0.05
Maes et al. (2014)437Male = 0, female = 1− 0.17− 0.19  
Shirokova et al. (2016)70,164Male = 0, female = 1   − 0.01
  1. N sample size, G gender, A attitude, PBC perceived behavioral control, AA affective attitude, I intention. “→” denotes standardized β coefficient