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Table 9 Post hoc tests of cluster means from k-means clustering, multiple comparisons

From: Exploring a leading and lagging regions dichotomy: does entrepreneurship and diversity explain it?

Dependent variable (I) Cluster number of case (J) Cluster number of case Mean difference (I-J) Std. error Sig. 95% confidence interval
Lower bound Upper bound
GRPGr Tukey HSD 1 2 0.290204* 0.022719 0.000 0.23553 0.34488
3 −0.137388* 0.022191 0.000 −0.19079 −0.08399
2 1 −0.290204* 0.022719 0.000 −0.34488 −0.23553
3 −0.427593* 0.026219 0.000 −0.49069 −0.36450
3 1 0.137388* 0.022191 0.000 0.08399 0.19079
2 0.427593* 0.026219 0.000 0.36450 0.49069
LSD 1 2 0.290204* 0.022719 0.000 0.24471 0.33570
3 −0.137388* 0.022191 0.000 −0.18183 −0.09295
2 1 −0.290204* 0.022719 0.000 −0.33570 −0.24471
3 −0.427593* 0.026219 0.000 −0.48010 −0.37509
3 1 0.137388* 0.022191 0.000 0.09295 0.18183
2 0.427593* 0.026219 0.000 0.37509 0.48010
PopGr Tukey HSD 1 2 0.025038* 0.008438 0.012 0.00473 0.04534
3 −0.032060* 0.008242 0.001 −0.05189 −0.01223
2 1 −0.025038* 0.008438 0.012 −0.04534 −0.00473
3 −0.057098* 0.009738 0.000 −0.08053 −0.03366
3 1 0.032060* 0.008242 0.001 0.01223 0.05189
2 0.057098* 0.009738 0.000 0.03366 0.08053
LSD 1 2 0.025038* 0.008438 0.004 0.00814 0.04193
3 −0.032060* 0.008242 0.000 −0.04856 −0.01556
2 1 −0.025038* 0.008438 0.004 −0.04193 −0.00814
3 −0.057098* 0.009738 0.000 −0.07660 −0.03760
3 1 0.032060* 0.008242 0.000 0.01556 0.04856
2 0.057098* 0.009738 0.000 0.03760 0.07660
  1. *The mean difference is significant at the 0.05 level