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Table 12 The effect of culture on the number of researchers per 1,000 people employed

From: Culture, innovation, and economic development

Dependent variable Researchers per 1000 people employed
Independent variables (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Constant 7.73*** (3.09) 6.66** (2.55) 7.02** (2.48) 4.69* (2.03) 6.50** (2.28) 5.67*** (2.88)
Hierarchy vs egalitarianism–PC1 − 0.80** (− 2.29)      
Hierarchy vs egalitarianism–PC2   − 1.03* (− 1.65)     
Conservatism/embeddedness vs autonomy–PC1    − 0.38 (− 1.05)    
Conservatism/embeddedness vs autonomy–PC2     − 1.26*** (− 2.84)   
Mastery vs harmony–PC1      − 0.19 (− 0.46)  
Mastery vs harmony–PC2       − 1.75*** (− 3.85)
N 106 106 104 104 106 106
R2 28.02% 52.87% 25.04% 60.17% 60.26% 52.13%
F-stat 2.72* 1.44 0.67 4.20** 0.20 7.62***
  1. The t statistics values are displayed in parentheses. *, **, and *** represent statistical significance at 10%, 5%, and 1% significance level, respectively. Each column represents a separate regression