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Table 2 Overall fit indicators for the conceptual model

From: Strategic study of total innovation management and its relationship with marketing capabilities in palm conversion and complementary industries

Index Normal limit Observed value
DF Larger than zero 261
Ratio of \({x}^{2}\) to df Between 2 and 5 3.153
Goodness of fit (GFI) 0.9 and larger 0.941
Normed Fitness Index (NFI) 0.9 and larger 0.925
Non-Normed Fitness Index (NNFI) 0.9 and larger 0.950
Incremental Fit Index (IFI) 0.9 and larger 0.963
Root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) Below 0.05 0.027
p-value Below 0.05 0.124
PNFI Below 0.05 0.580