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Table 1 Baseline indicators for the cultivation of forage crops on the farm for the last 10 years (2011–2020)

From: A systemic comparative economic approach efficiency of fodder production

Crop Feed units per 1 kg of feed Yield per hectare, centner Pure productivity of 1 hectare of crops, the centner of feeding unit Cost price 1 centner of production, rub Cost price of 1 centner unit products, rub Content of digestible protein in 1 kg, g Content of digestible protein in 1 kg of feeding unit, g
Vetch-oats 0.30 120.0 36.0 17.5 62.4 36.0 128.4
Alfalfa 0.38 163.7 62.2 13.9 38.6 50.7 140.9
Timothy grass 0.23 110.0 25.3 18.6 88.7 20.4 97.2
Corn 0.16 135.2 21.6 13.6 96.9 19.6 140.3
Sweet clover 0.21 139.2 29.2 18.6 98.1 25.4 133.8
Fodder beet 0.12 154.7 18.6 41.3 412.9 13.5 135.4
Winter rye in green mass 0.28 159.8 44.8 17.8 68.5 30.3 116.6
Hybrid clover 0.29 145.7 42.3 19.0 70.3 35.9 132.8
Eastern Galega 0.32 153.7 49.2 14.4 48.0 37.1 123.5