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Table 2 Theoretical background/support for scale items, variables, and constructs

From: Relationship between faculty characteristics and their entrepreneurial orientation in higher education institutions in Kuwait

Item description Theoretical background
Construct/variable: faculty entrepreneurial orientation (FEO)
 Innovativeness—6 items Farrukh et. al. (2017)—4 items
De Jong et. al. (2015)—2 items
 Risk-taking—6 items Farrukh et. al. (2017)—3 items
De Jong et. al. (2015)—3 items
 Proactivity—3 items De Jong et. al. (2015)