Skip to main content

Table 1 Summary of results

From: Examining the differences between the motivations of traditional and entrepreneurial scientists

Variables Differences between traditional and entrepreneurial researchers (method: independent-samples t test) Relationship with entrepreneurial intention (method: correlation)
Motivations
Development-driven motivations
 M1—to collect industrial feedback on the applicability of my invention No difference No relationship
 M2—to ensure an ecosystem that is more flexible than the university for the further development of my invention No difference No relationship
Finance-driven motivations
 M3—to increase my personal income from my entrepreneurial activities No difference No relationship
 M4—to obtain financial resources for further research No difference Weak positive relationship
Reputation-driven motivations
 M5—to increase my scientific reputation through entrepreneurship No difference Medium positive relationship
 M6—to increase my social reputation through entrepreneurship No difference No relationship
 M7—to demonstrate the practical relevance of my research to family/friends Significant difference Medium positive relationship
Commercialization-driven motivations
 M8—to ensure direct control over the commercialization of my invention Significant difference Weak positive relationship
 M9—to benefit society with my invention No difference No relationship
Job security-driven motivations
 M10—to secure jobs for young researchers at my spin-off company Significant difference Medium positive relationship
 M11—to secure a job if my university position is terminated No difference No relationship
Experience
 Research experience at a university (EXP-HEI-RES) No difference Medium positive relationship
 Research experience at a company (EXP-COM-RES) Significant difference No relationship
 Managerial experience at a company (EXP-COM-MAN) Significant difference Medium positive relationship
  1. Source: authors’ compilation