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Table 2 Test of first and second stage moderated mediation model

From: Sex differences in entrepreneurs’ business growth intentions: an identity approach

  First stage moderation Second stage moderation
Predictor Femininity Masculinity Business growth intention
  B B B
Constant 0.48** (−0.72 to −0.23) 0.49** (0.26 to 0.72) 0.07ns (−0.23 to 0.25)
Sexa 0.32** (0.16 to 0.48) −0.32** (−0.47 to −0.18) 0.02ns (−0.13 to 0.17)
Age    0.001ns (−0.09 to 0.08)
Education levelb    −0.06ns (−0.14 to 0.02)
Entrepreneur’s internal locus of control    0.08ns (−0.02 to 0.17)
Entrepreneur’s perceived behavioral control    0.31** (0.23 to 0.38)
Firm age    −0.09* (−0.18 to −0.03)
Number of employees    0.05ns (−0.02 to 0.13)
Firm performance    −0.02ns (−0.10 to 0.06)
Femininity    0.10** (0.09 to 0.18)
Masculinity    0.10** (0.08 to 0.19)
Independent self-construal (IND) 0.54** (0.29 to 0.80) 0.44** (0.20 to 0.68) 0.05ns (−0.03 to 0.14)
Sex X IND −0.19* (−0.35 to −0.11) 0.03ns (−0.14 to 0.14)  
IND X femininity    −0.09* (−0.17 to −0.05)
IND X masculinity    −0.03ns (−0.09 to 0.03)
  1. The upper and lower bounds of the 95 % confidence interval (shown in parentheses) were based on the findings from a bootstrapping analysis using the percentile method
  2. aSex is coded such that 1 = male and 2 = female
  3. bEducation level: 1 = primary education, 2 = secondary education, 3 = university/college, 4 = M.Sc/Phd
  4. nsnonsignifiant
  5. *p < 0.01, **p < 0.001 (two-tailed tests)