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Table 5 Variables used in the analysis

From: Do general innovation policy tools fit all? Analysis of the regional impact of the Norwegian Skattefunn scheme

Variable Explanation Data source
Industrial structure and dynamics   
Location quotients (LQ) in relevant industries 2008 Based on data for employment in the five industry groups defined as 'relevant' industries. LQ for a region is calculated as the region's share of employment in relevant industries (related to the total employment in the region), divided by the share of employment in relevant industries in the country as a whole. Data for 2008.
Relevant industries (industry code in brackets):
Mining and oil and gas extraction (05-09)
Manufacturing (10-20)
Media and broadcasting (58-60)
Telecom and ICT (61-63)
R&D and professional services (71-75)
The Firms’ and Establishment Register, Statistics Norway
Relative employment growth 2003–08 Employment in all sectors are included The Firms' and Establishment Register, Statistics Norway
Relative growth in number of establishments 2003–08 All sectors are included The Firms' and Establishment Register, Statistics Norway
Proportion of workforce in employment 2008   Labour force statistics, Statistics Norway
Intramural R&D activities   
R&D activity 2008 per establishment Amount of R&D-activity in 1000 NOK R&D statistics, Statistics Norway
R&D activity 2008 per 1000 employees Amount of R&D-activity in 1000 NOK R&D statistics, Statistics Norway
Share of R&D employees Share of total number of employees working with R&D. Data for 2012 R&D statistics, Statistics Norway
Innovation activity   
Share of firms with product and process innovations 2008–10 Share of firms reporting product and/or process-innovation last three years prior to the time of investigation The Community Innovation Survey, Statistics Norway
Clustering and structure of regional innovation systems   
Number of cluster projects, 2015 Number of cluster projects supported by Norwegian Innovation Clusters. In 2015, a total of 36 projects were supported Innovation Norway
Number of knowledge development organisations, 2015 Number of universities, university colleges, research institutes, research centres located in the region The Norwegian Research Council/SIVA?
Innovation infrastructure, 2015 Intermediaries facilitating knowledge transfer and innovation, like Technology Transfer Offices (TTOs), Science parks, Knowledge parks, incubators The Norwegian Research Council/SIVA?
Population's level of education   
Share of population with up to 4 years of higher education   Education statistics, Statistics Norway
Share of population with more than 4 years of higher education   Education statistics, Statistics Norway