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Table 2 Change in innovativeness pre-GFC to 2012 to 2015 (n = 46)

From: Response to the global financial crisis: a follow-up study

  Mean SD Mean diff. Std. error diff. Sig.
Product innovativeness, pre-GFC (2008) 2.78 0.81 0.76 0.83 .000**
Product innovativeness, 2012 3.54 0.86
− 0.37 1.14 .033*
Product innovativeness, 2015 3.17 1.14
Process and bus. systems innovativeness, pre-GFC (2008) 2.92 0.90 0.64 0.80 .000**
Process and bus. systems innovativeness, 2012 3.56 0.80
− 0.25 0.93 .071
Process and bus. systems innovativeness, 2015 3.31 0.86
  1. Paired samples t test, *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01