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Table 1 Internal consistency, convergent validity, composite reliability, and AVE

From: Innovation practices for survival of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the COVID-19 times: the role of external support

Construct Items Loadings CR AVE
External knowledge EK3 0.700 0.800 0.572
EK5 0.821
EK6 0.743
Employees’ activities EMA1 0.806 0.932 0.732
EMA2 0.896
EMA3 0.914
EMA4 0.855
EMA5 0.802
Leadership LEAD1 0.624 0.897 0.557
LEAD2 0.775
LEAD3 0.782
LEAD4 0.812
LEAD5 0.792
LEAD6 0.732
LEAD7 0.690
Expenses STREX1 0.811 0.805 0.518
STREX2 0.808
STREX3 0.746
STREX5 0.453
Production STRP1 0.782 0.840  
STRP2 0.805
STRP3 0.728
STRP4 0.644
STRP5 0.610
STRP6 0.782
Regeneration REGEN2 0.679 0.800 0.504
REGEN3 0.560
REGEN4 0.817
REGEN5 0.758
External support EXS1 0.513 0.880 0.527
EXS2 0.515
EXS3 0.616
EXS4 0.546
EXS5 0.926
EXS6 0.879
Business performance FINPER1 0.763 0.915 0.645
FINPER2 0.686
FINPER3 0.824
FINPER4 0.866
FINPER5 0.789
Financial indicators SurvFin1 0.704 0.840 0.516
SurvFin2 0.849
SurvFin3 0.571
SurvFin4 0.782
SurvFin5 0.653
Strategy SurvStr1 0.516 0.793 0.571
SurvStr5 0.846
SurvStr6 0.856