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Table 5 SEM results for FEO construct subject to qualification

From: Relationship between faculty characteristics and their entrepreneurial orientation in higher education institutions in Kuwait

  Estimate
Master
Estimate
Ph.D.
z-score Goodness-of-fit indicators Acceptable standard fit
F_Proa ← FacEntre 0.905*** 1.861*** 2.223** GFI 0.977 > 0.90
F_RTaking ← FacEntre 0.521*** 0.894*** 0.992 AGFI 0.904 > 0.90
Pro25 ← F_Proa 0.461*** 0.801*** 1.672* CFI 0.995 > 0.90
Pro24 ← F_Proa 1.418*** 0.649*** − 2.917*** NFI 0.966 > 0.90
RT21 ← F_RTaking 1.316*** 1.026*** − 0.572 RMSEA 0.023 < 0.07
RT20 ← F_RTaking 0.879** 1.188*** 0.573    
Inn13  ← F_innova 0.772*** 1.456*** 1.844*    
Inn14 ← F_innova 0.396* 1.371*** 2.428**    
Inn15 ← F_innova 0.580*** 1.305*** 2.266**    
Inn16  ← F_innova 1.318*** 1.874*** 1.396    
Inn17 ← F_innova 0.676*** 1.720*** 2.701***    
  1. ***p-value < 0.01
  2. **p-value < 0.05
  3. *p-value < 0.10